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Transnational Issues in Bolivia

Disputes – International

Chile and Peru rebuff Bolivia's reactivated claim to restore the Atacama corridor, ceded to Chile in 1884, but Chile offers instead unrestricted but not sovereign maritime access through Chile for Bolivian natural gas and other commodities. An accord placed the long-disputed Isla Suárez/Ilha de Guajará-Mirim, a fluvial island on the Río Mamoré, under Bolivian administration in 1958, but sovereignty remains in dispute.

Illicit Drugs

Bolivia is the world's third-largest cultivator of coca (after Colombia and Peru) with an estimated 25,800 hectares under cultivation in 2006, and the third largest producer of cocaine, estimated at 115 metric tons potential pure cocaine in 2006. Bolivia is used as a transit country for Peruvian and Colombian cocaine destined for Brazil, Argentina, Chile, Paraguay and Europe. Cultivation generally increasing since 2000, despite eradication and alternative crop programs. The weak border controls gives rise to some money-laundering activity related to narcotics trade, especially along the borders with Brazil and Paraguay. Bolivia is a major cocaine consumer.





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